Criminality is not a phenomenon reserved for only a few countries or cultures. It happens everywhere, and all types of criminality are represented. However, although the same crime may happen in two different countries, regardless if their cultures are similar or not, the punishment that offender will receive varies greatly. Some states have different drug laws, allowing substance use on one side of the border, whilst on the other side of the border it could be punishable with execution. On one side of a border, there could be freedom of speech, freedom of belief, or the right to sexuality, whilst on the other this could be punishable with harsh sentences.